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Free Open Source Software – Свободно достъпно и готово за промени програмно осигуряване
За първи път…
Contributing to open source for the first time
can be scary and a little overwhelming. Perhaps you’re a Code Newbie or maybe you’ve been coding for a while but haven’t found a project you felt comfortable contributing to.
You can do it! Here’s how.
If you have never contributed to an open source project before and you’re just getting started, consider exploring these resources.
First contributions is a hands-on tutorial that walks you through contributions workflow on github. When you complete the turorial, you’d have made a contribution to the same project.
http://up-for-grabs.net is a site that aggregates (rolls up and makes easy to explore) projects that actively want help. They label those projects with things like “up-for-grabs”, “jump-in” or “help wanted.”
Read blog posts and guides on how to contribute to an open source project, then pick one!
If you’re just getting started with tech and are considering being a social developer, we’ve made a documentary training movie for you! Get Involved in Tech walks you through setting up your GitHub account, exploring StackOverflow, setting up a blog and starting to tweet!
Wondering what someone else’s first contribution was? You can easily find out any GitHub username’s “First Pull Request” here! (I think you’ll find that most people’s first PRs were relatively small like Kent’s).
We think that open source projects should value civility and kindness and be patient with new developers and we encourage you to explore projects that have a published Code of Conduct and we hope you do too!
If you are an OSS project owner, then consider marking a few open issues with the label first-timers-only. The
first-timers-only label explicitly announces:
I’m willing to hold your hand so you can make your first PR. This issue is rather a bit easier than normal. And anyone who’s already contributed to open source isn’t allowed to touch this one!
First timer contributions are normally very small and easy (One recent
first-timers-only issue was literally three lines of simple changes! And the changes were described in great detail and tested by the project maintainer). But this makes it easier for the contributor to get the hang of the contribution process rather than the contribution itself. Remember, this isn’t as much about getting your project features implemented quickly as it is about helping first timers.
Why is YAL (yet another label) like
first-timers-only important? Because it makes a statement that first timers are welcome, that they are valued, and that they can start on your project! Often the hard part of getting into open source for the first time isn’t the implementation of a feature, but figuring out how to actually contribute code such that the pull request is accepted! But, oh the feeling of accomplishment when your first PR is merged!
Go label an issue or two with
first-timers-only and advertise that those issues exist! Walk a newbie a week (or a month) through the process! Document the process, blog and tweet about it and encourage those first timers to do the same! And add this badge to your repo’s README:
Kent C. Dodds proposed First Timers Only to get new people to make their first contribution. Scott Hanselman blogged about Bringing Kindness Back to Open Source, so it was obvious that we team up and promote these ideas and get more folks involved in open source.
Charlotte Spencer created a great twitter account called @yourfirstpr that exists to showcase great issues that a newbie can solve in order to create “Your First PullRequest!” We recommend you follow @yourfirstpr and let them know if your OSS project has a
first-timers-only tag and you have open issues that you’ll reserve for a new contributor!
Utkarsh Upadhyay created a bot called @first_tmrs_only which tweets when a new first-timers-only issue is posted on GitHub. Follow it to stay abreast with latest first-timers-only issues!
Angie Gonzalez and Arlene Perez created a GitHub app called First Timers that automates most of the process of creating
first-timers-only issues. Install it the app on your repositories and commit simple changes to branches with names starting with
first-timers- – the First Timers App will turn it into a fully fledged issue with all information a first-time Open Source contributor will need to make their first pull request.
Free Open Source Software
Free and open-source software (FOSS) is computer software that can be classified as both free software and open-s
ource software.[a] That is, anyone is freely licensed to use, copy, study, and change the software in any way, and the source code is openly shared so that people are encouraged to voluntarily improve the design of the software. This is in contrast to proprietary software, where the software is under restrictive copyright and the source code is usually hidden from the users.
The benefits of using FOSS can include decreasing software costs, increasing security and stability (especially in regard to malware), protecting privacy, and giving users more control over their own hardware. Free, open-source operating systems such as Linux and descendents of BSD are widely utilized today, powering millions of servers, desktops, smartphones (e.g. Android), and other devices. Free software licenses and open-source licenses are used by many software packages.
„бащата“ на движението за свободен софтуер
Richard Stallman’s Free Software Definition, adopted by the Free Software Foundation (FSF), defines free software as a matter of liberty, not price. The earliest known publication of the definition of his free software idea was in the February 1986 edition of the FSF’s now-discontinued GNU’s Bulletin publication. The canonical source for the document is in the philosophy section of the GNU Project website. As of April 2008, it is published there in 39 languages.
The Free Open Source Software Academia (FOSSa)